Yet the state's politics are not as uniformly conservative as that description might imply to a superficial observer. The preemption, by the Democratic and Republican parties, of clear-cut class identification means that political polarization in the United States often manifests in reactionary and rebellious impulses, the conservative and the transformative, co-existing within the same individual or small social subgroup. For example, it was among the first states to approve same-sex marriage by popular referendum, rather than via judicial or legislative action. That vote was partially a reflection of a growing concentration of socially liberal-minded people, some of them "from away," in the southern portion of the state, but it also stemmed in part from a very old-fashioned kind of New England laissez faire attitude--"What people do in their own homes is none-a-my business, and what I do in mine is none-a-yours"--even if the end result would have Cotton Mather spinning rapidly in his grave.
So observation of Maine politics is no longer of interest as an indication of the broad trends of U.S. politics. Its interest, aside from its intrinsic relevance to those of us who live here, stems from its ability to point to the deep and often contradictory motive forces for the currents and countercurrents that assume a more momentous significance elsewhere.
I will get to our gubernatorial election, where each of the three major candidates is of interest less for what he stands for than for who he (claims to) stand for, that is, the social groupings that each stem from and the social groupings who invest their hopes and self-respect with him. But I will begin, instead, with something that is likely to escape the notice of the national media, statewide ballot question Number 1, a citizen initiative worded as follows: "Do you want to ban the use of bait, dogs or traps in bear hunting except to protect property, public safety, or for research?" Apparently Maine is the last state in the country that still allows those hunting methods, which opponents regard as cruel.
When the petitioners came to the Portland Farmers Market trying to get enough signatures to put this on the ballot, I consciously chose not to sign. I may well be the only person registered Green Independent in the state of Maine for whom that is the case. If there's one thing I have learned in almost three years of living here, it is, don't fuck with hunters. Anything perceived as an infringement upon the right to hunt, if not backed strongly by wildlife conservation biological necessity (and sometimes even when backed by such scientific studies) will be taken as an attack upon rural "working people"--a commonplace self-identification that overlaps with but differs from Marxist definitions of the working class--and their ability to fill their freezers cheaply with calorie-dense meat in the tradition of their ancestors. It does not matter that the bear-hunting methods in question are expensive to engage in. First, there are some people who make a living in part as hunting guides. But more importantly, it takes on symbolic significance, as an example of "liberal" overreach.
The reason I put liberal in scare-quotes is that there is a peculiar way of using that word that, while I doubt it is unique to Maine, I first heard after moving here. I remember being on a flight from Philadelphia to Portland, seated next to two native Mainers who were returning home for the first weekend of deer season. One of them was complaining that his small, rural town had limited hunting to shotguns only because "the liberals don't want to get hit by a rifle bullet while walking through the woods". I asked a professor I know who lives in that town if that sounded like the sort of usage that many residents would use, and she concurred. Apparently, for some in Maine, a liberal is someone who wants to be able to walk in the woods during hunting season (without an orange vest) and not get hit by a rifle bullet. To translate that from the particular to the general, it is someone who wants to regulate the behavior of others without necessarily changing their own. Someone who acts like they know better than everyone else. (I incorporated this example into my story "The Jumping Frenchmen of Maine," recently published in M, to good effect, I think.)
I am not a liberal, in either this Maine-ish sense nor as it is more generally understood, and that is why I didn't sign the petition. As a socialist/communist, I operate from the standpoint of favoring whatever is good for the working class, since that is what is in the interests of humanity as a whole. If someone wants to go hunting for bear with dogs, bait, traps, or even rocket propelled grenades, then unless it can be scientifically demonstrated that there are ecological or bear-behavioral effects that are detrimental to other humans, it's none of my business.
But there was also a strategic consideration to my opposition to the referendum: The problem with this kind of liberal behavioral meddling is that it makes it very easy to stir up populist, rural vs. urban resentment. The Republican Party are the ones who are best set up to capitalize, electorally, on that resentment. So concretely, if you ask, who stands to benefit from having Question 1 on the ballot, it is incumbent Governor LePage. And as I will explain, even though I have no intention of voting for either of LePage's opponents, I would prefer that he not get re-elected, either.
That's all I want to say for now about hunting or bears. On to the governor's race.
Each of the three candidates represents a distinct stratum of the Maine population who have been well-represented in the state's politics. Each of these strata, and the individuals representing them, have at best done fuck-all for the standard of living of the working class in this state, and at worst, have actively undermined it, which is why I won't be voting for any of them. But there are important differences of detail and style between the three, whose true significance would be difficult for someone from outside the state to discern. That will be the subject of my next post.